S1 Sciences Overview

Introduction to science

In this first unit in S1 all pupils learn about safety in the lab, apparatus and equipment, making measurements and fair testing in science.

In S1 pupils study the following units on a rotation, as well as carrying out two practical investigation which focus on fair testing, experiemental design, variables, recording and presenting results, drawing conclusions and evaluating experiments.

Model of Matter

Learn about how our beautiful planet is made up of matter. How we are surrounded by particles on the move and how matter can change state. Study how particles are arranged  in solids, liquids and gases. Investigated changes of state; melting, freezing, evaporation and condensation and the energy involved. Partcipate in experiments to seperate mixtures of particles using, filtration, chromatography, distillation, solubility and evaporation.



Learn about:

  •  How do we know something is alive?
  • The 5 kingndoms of life - animals, plants, monerea, protazoa and fungi.
  • How do we classify animals
    • vertibrates/invertebrates
    • vertibrate groups
      • mammals
      • birds
      • amphibians
      • reptiles
      • fish
  • Respiration and photosynthesis.

Thermal energy and sustainability

Learn about the different types of energy and investigate some of the energy conversions that take place everyday. Research how electricity is generated from fossil fuels and the enviromental impact burning fossil fuels has on our planet. Explore renewable alternatives like, wind, wave, geothermal, hydro, biomass, tidal and solar energy. Participate in experiements to investigate how heat energy travels by conduction, convection and radiation. Investigate ways to prevent heat loss from homes and save energy.

Space and Forces

Learn about the different forces of the natural world, pushing and pulling, gravity, air resistance and friction. Investigate how gravity affects weight and consider balanced and unbalanced forces in action. Identify the conditions required for life and the possibility of life existing elsewhere in the universe.

Elements, compounds and chemical reactions

Learn about the elements and how they are grouped by their properties in the periodic table. Carry out experiments to make and break compounds, identify the signs a chemical reaction has occured and to control the rate of a chemical reaction.


Learn about how all life is made up of cells, compare plant and animal cells and learn about the functions of the different parts of the cells. Investigate specalised cells and how cells form the tissues and the tissues form organs in the human body. Learn about the different organs in the body involved in digestion, breathing and reproduction. Learn about pollination in plants.